Hypertension (HTN or HT)
High blood pressure (HBP)
One of the main causes for the occurrence of heart disease and blood vessels is high blood pressure. We can say that it is a silent killer and that in each of ours. Can occur without any symptoms and discomforts and to cause huge problems in health. As a risk factor for stroke and myocardial infarction must treat. The human heart works like a pump that pumps blood into the arteries and blood vessels. Rhythmic pumping of blood produces corrugated pressure. This pressure is the blood pressure. Whenever the heart pumps blood into the arteries, then the pressure grows. When the heart is gathered the pressure is greatest. And this upper value says the systolic blood pressure. After that, the heart does not pump more, and the pressure is reduced. That lowest pressure says diastolic blood pressure. Now you understand why when you measure blood pressure always referred to the two values.
Now here are the values that are normal and elevated;
- Optimal blood pressure 120 (systolic) -80 (diastolic)
- Regular blood pressure 120-129 (systolic) -80-84 (diastole)
- The upper limit on normal blood pressure 130-139 (systolic) -85-89 (diastolic)
- Easy to elevated blood pressure (level 1) 140-159 (systolic) -90-99 (diastolic)
- Medium high blood pressure (level 2), 160-179 (systolic) -100-109 (diastolic)
- Very high blood pressure (degree) 180 (systolic) -110 (diastolic)
Watching these values the question is what is normal. All that is around the optimal value is good; everything else bears the risk factor by health. But, whether it can feel increased blood pressure and whether there are symptoms of high blood pressure? Unfortunately, not. To find out what is your blood pressure, you measure it many times. After waking, up when you got up, in the evening, before bedtime, and in the day, at least three to four times. So, collect thirty measurements and take which are most matching.
What is the reason for hypertension?
There is no concrete answer because in today’s lifetime can be everything. But, there are a few proven factors that cause hypertension, such as obesity, diabetes, cholesterol, alcohol, smoking, physical inactivity, excessive salt intake. Effects on health can be fatal and terrible. Also can appear a lifelong disease such as atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, heart attack, stroke.
Here’s an explanation for all;
Atherosclerosis is a condition known as clogging of arteries. That occurs as a result of the consequences of the accumulation of fatty deposits on the walls of arteries. Also, lose their elasticity and become rigid. This illness cannot be more elastic and flexible to respond to blood pressure. Atherosclerosis causes poor circulation and blockage of blood vessels.
Angina pectoris-In this disease occurs the collection and shrinkage of blood vessels. Resulting in poor circulation and brings little oxygen to the heart. So, resulting in pain in the chest. This emotion gets when we have physical activities, stressful situations, and cold weather. When all these things escape, then the pain goes away.
STROKE-often, the cause of hypertension is a result of blockage of an artery or clogging a cerebral artery. Part of the brain dies and resulting in bleeding in the brain. All this is fatal to human health and can lead to death. Heart attack always leads to damage to the heart muscle. Such an attack can be fatal and cause death.
Other diseases which cause high blood pressure are;
- Heart rhythm disorder
- Flickering heart pre-chamber
- Heart failure (heart failure)
- Kidney damage
- Damage to the eyes
- Disruptions circulation legs
This recommendation would be when it detects hypertension must immediately take the right treatment and adhere to it. In some cases, this therapy and for life. For that reason, we recommend that you first try nutrition and physical activity.
The treatment of hypertension has several substances and drugs, but the main ones are;
- ACE blockers
- Calcium antagonists
- Angiotensin Receptor Blockers
- Blockers Tenzin
Whether such a state of health can improve?
Great success can achieve with dietary practices. Even in people who are already using drugs for hypertension, is possible with healthier habits to return to normal hypertension. High blood pressure comes with elevated levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood, and a higher risk of atherosclerosis.
But what causes hypercholesterolemia?
These are foods rich in cholesterol, saturated fats, and trans-fatty acids, obesity, and genetic predisposition. But cholesterol levels can regulate with a healthy diet. The base of the food should be whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, whole milk, and dairy products, fish and seafood, oils of vegetable origin. Without margarine and oils.
How to lower your high blood pressure?
Here are a few instructions on how doing it;
- In thickness, reduce body weight to the normal value
- Reduce salt in the food
- Saturated fat intake to less than 7% of total daily call, the remaining 20% filled with unsaturated fats.
- Introduce enough potassium, calcium, magnesium, omega3 fatty acids, selenium.
- Bring in the food enough vitamins, minerals.
- Reduce the intake of alcoholic beverages and cigarettes.
- Be physically active.
- Minimize stress and frustration.
How to prevent the occurrence of hypertension?
But the most we can do is to try, to help them to themselves with preventing healthy lifestyle. The most important factor in healthy food. Using food and lifestyle, can lead to hypertension and forever to disappear. That means that we take more fruits and vegetables, foods from cereals, fish twice a week, olive oil, and less meat. To avoid taking sugar, salt, alcohol, to avoid stressful situations, and most important is that we take a liter and a half, or two of water each day.
So, let’s change your way of life for the better and to live healthier.