SINGS AND CAUSES OF PROSTATE CANCER
The prostate is a male sex gland, the size of a chestnut, located just below the bladder. It Is characteristic only for men.
The prostate is a gland, or rather, the forthcoming gland. As we said, It’s located in the center of the male pelvis, and below the bladder. Prostate there includes the initial part of the urethra like a ring.
Through the middle of the prostate passes the urethra man. Urination can sometimes be painful if the prostate increased.
The prostate produces the fluid. Excreted during ejaculation with sperm. This fluid allows mobility.
Yes, the prostate can become ill
Like every human body and the prostate gland may fall ill. The most common problems are inflammation of the prostate, prostate cancer, and benign (benign) hyperplasia. Prostate cancer is the most common malignant tumor in men. It occurs in older people, a lot less often in middle-aged.
Usually have a problem, men older than 40 years because then beginning a change in the form of a benign increase (Hyperplasia) of the prostate. Such an increase in prostate exerts no direct pressure on the urinary bladder, and thus various problems arise such as;
- Difficulty urinating
- Long urination
- Intermittent urination
- Insufficient bladder
- Urinary frequency (almost hourly)
- Multiple nighttime urination
- Need speed or for constant urination
- Pain in the lower abdomen and lower back
But what is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?
Benign enlargement of the prostate, also known as “benign prostatic hyperplasia.” That implies growth of the prostate that starts somewhere around the age of 45. But in contrast to prostate cancer, prostate enlargement develops near the urethra. Can cause the ring narrowing of the urethra and problems with urination.
Prostate enlargement accompanied by a narrowing of the urethra, which hinders the flow of urine. But prostate enlargement in many cases is imperceptible. In some people, enlarged prostate occurs as an unpleasant nuisance when urinating.
The incidence of benign prostatic hyperplasia;
- Men aged; 40-60 years, 50%
- Men aged; 60-80 years, 75%
- For men older than 80 years, 90%
Narrowed urinary pathways
When the prostate grows, it can narrow the urethra and prevent the flow of urine. Due to the narrowing of the bladder wall becomes irritated, even if the bladder is a small amount of urine. Then get a feel for urination, although the bladder is empty. And that’s why to constant residual urine can lead to urinary tract infections or urinary stones.
Problems with urination
Not everybody comes to narrowing of the urinary tract. If this is still the case, then it puts pressure on the bladder, which tightens and does not drain completely. The flow of urine may cause problems with urination;
- Delayed start emptying the bladder
- Weak urinary stream
- Urination lasts long
- Intermittent urination (several times interrupted urine stream)
- Dripping urine
- Incomplete emptying of the bladder
- Absent feeling that the bladder is emptied
- A strong and frequent urge to urinate
- Dripping of urine after urination
- Urge to urinate at night
- Burning, stabbing, or pain during urination
Prostate cancer is the most common malignant tumor in men. The real reason why it occurs is not known. Usually, most tumors in the prostate, do not cause any problems.
Sometimes the symptoms are like those of BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia), including difficulty urinating and the need for frequent urination.
The main symptoms are frequent urination (pollakiuria) and difficult and painful urination (dysuria).
These symptoms occur because the cancer cells close the flow of urine through the urethra. There is more difficult to urinate, waiting for the jet, which is thinner, weaker, and intermittent.
Can cause bloody urine (hematuria) or sudden retention of urine (urinary retention). In some cases, prostate cancer is not diagnosed until it spreads (metastasizes) to the bone.
Usually in the pelvis (pelvic), ribs and vertebrae, or the kidneys, leading to kidney failure.
Genetic predisposition is important. But some assumptions affect the occurrence of cancer and viral infections such as; human papillomavirus, herpes virus, and cytomegalovirus. Here we can mention that the use of alcohol as a risk factor exists for getting cancer.
It is usual to occur and complications that are characteristic of this type of disease. The complications are infection, hematuria, urinary retention, and metastasis.
The infection usually affects the bladder. Then occurs pain and burning during urination.
Acute urinary retention is the cessation of urination. Appears strong urge to urinate or urinates little, above the pubic bone occurs protrusion.
Haematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. Hematuria may lead to retention of urine or inflammation.
Metastases are usually in the pelvis and spine. They feel pain in the bones and leads to much weight loss.
There are several ways you can diagnose prostate cancer. But to enter into a problem with the prostate has to visit a doctor. A prostate exam is simple and painless. Here are a few methods for the examination and diagnosis;
- Urine test
- Blood test
- Measuring the flow rate of urine
Many doctors in the early-stage diagnosis, searching (screening). The best way to search is to make a rectal examination finger (digital rectal examination) and blood test.
Through the anus can feel the prostate (digital rectal examination). I took hold of the doctor (urologist) hard or sailing nodes, they may show prostate cancer.
A blood test measures the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and in people with BHP (benign prostatic hyperplasia). This test does not detect about one-third of prostate cancer (false-negative result), and in 60% of cases indicates cancer, but cancer does not (false-positive result).
Finding antigens in the prostate, it is through a blood test PSA-values in the blood (PSA test). It is a protein produced only prostate. Increased PSA value, may or may not be prostate cancer.
Next to which could determine the cancer is by biopsy. With a biopsy, using a needle to take a prostate tissue. And after that examining the taken samples of the tissue.
There is also an overview of ultrasound. Using an ultrasound can determine the size of the prostate and the possible extension of the tumor.
Treatment and Therapy
Ways with whom we treated prostate cancer are usually by surgical removal of the prostate or by irradiation. When the treatment selection of patients, then the type of treatment depends on the extent of the disease.
Surgery, radiation, or drugs for prostate cancer often cause impotence. But treatment can cause a variety of changes in lifestyle.
Radiotherapy (radiation) only finds cancer in the prostate. When cancer caught outside of the prostate tissue, has not spread to a distant organ, then used (radiation).
Often is accompanies a stage of cancer. After that brings the ultimate decision for the method of treatment.
There are two risk factors for prostate cancer. The first is a genetic predisposition. That is when someone from a near family ever had cancer.
Another risk factor is age. As age increased, it is greater the risk of falling ill.
So it is best to take care of your health and in the proper time to react when the appears first symptoms of increased prostate or infection. Each symptom has taken appropriate measures for treatment.
Healthy habits for a healthy prostate
To have a healthy prostate is necessary to have more physical activity. The prostate problems occur in men who longer sit and have low physical activity. With weak physical activity, blood circulation is slowed down. That means increasing the concentration of toxins and waste products in the secretion of the prostate. Because the prostate is a muscular organ, exercises are important. Improving the blood flow and the functioning of the prostate.
How to train your prostate?
It is a very simple and practical exercise that does not require time or space. Brace yourself to get you hauled yourself anus, then relax. This exercise can be repeated several times.
Physical activity is very important
That running, hiking, mountain climbing, Jogging are activities that improve circulation. But if you cannot exercise any of these activities, you can practice this exercise.
Basic physical activity is important, but and a way of feeding is also essential. Vitamins and minerals are essential for a healthy prostate.
Other important things for a healthy prostate area;
- Zinc prevents any kinds of changes in the prostate
- Beta-carotene is a powerful antioxidant that protects the prostate from degenerative changes
- A selenium-another important antioxidant which is essential to the overall functioning of the prostate
- Vitamin c- has a significant role in maintaining a healthy immune system.
- Vitamin e- essential for overall reproductive health
So always practice entering into your body essential elements of healthy foods and nutrients.
And for the end, a healthy lifestyle, as well as a conscientious attitude toward his health, can protect you from a variety of complications and adverse experiences.